November is Lung Cancer Awareness Month!

Prostate Cancer: Basics of Prevention and Detection

Prostate Cancer: Basics of Prevention and Detection

Approximately 1 in 7 men in the U.S. get prostate cancer, and over 27,500 die from it annually. This is the second-leading cause of male cancer-related deaths. Men don’t have much influence over the main risk factors, but making certain healthy lifestyle decisions contributes to a lower risk of developing this illness. Early detection and intervention is essential to successful treatment.

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

  • Only males are affected (the prostate is part of the male reproductive system)
  • Being 55 or older (60% of cases occur in men 65 and up)
  • A family history of prostate cancer (especially affecting close relatives)
  • African-American ethnicity
  • Elevated testosterone hormone levels
  • Taking vitamin E or folate (folic acid) supplements for an extended time

How to Lower Your Risk of Prostate Cancer

  • Exercise for at least 30-45 minutes most days of the week
  • Stay at a healthy weight
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Include tuna, salmon, herring, mackerel, and other fish high in omega-3 fatty acids in your diet regularly
  • Keep calcium and dairy intake to recommended levels
  • Ask your doctor about treatment with dutasteride or finasteride if you have high testosterone levels

Encouraging Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

  • Ask your doctor about personal risk factors to determine when you should have screenings like digital rectal exams (DREs) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests
  • Early on, prostate cancer often causes no symptoms, but once they start, they often include a weak urine stream, difficulty starting or continuously peeing, bloody semen, erectile dysfunction, pelvic discomfort/pain, and bone pain; talk to your doctor right away if you experience any of these

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NWFCCC works to reduce the burden of cancer on area residents by increasing access to cancer information and services, by developing and implementing cancer control projects for the public and healthcare professionals, and by promoting awareness of prevention and early detection practices.

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